What are native plants?

Michigan's native plants are the wildflowers, grasses, ferns, trees, shrubs and other plants that were present in Michigan before European settlement.

Why use native plants?

  • Well adapted: Native plants are adapted to local conditions, therefore they require less maintenance once established.
  • Support wildlife: Michigan's wildlife has evolved alongside its native plants, depending on them for food and shelter. By planting natives we can increase biodiversity and attract many species of wildlife including songbirds, game birds, butterflies, beneficial insects and mammals.
  • Perennial: Most native species are perennial, or self-seeding biennial plants. This means that they will typically re-seed themselves and continue to thrive and multiply with little human intervention. This helps save costs by eliminating the need to buy new plants each year.
  • Erosion Control: Many native species are wonderfully adapted to control soil erosion. These species have root systems which can extend up to 15 foot or more under ground. This characteristic not only allows the plants to be more successful at searching out water, but also allows them to hold soil particles in place, preventing erosion.
  • Beautiful: Native plants can be found in a variety of colors and sizes as well as several foliage types and colors. Natives also have a very wide range of bloom times stretching from May through October. No matter what your landscape goals, there is sure to be a native plant to meet your needs!


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